Modified Radical Mastectomy(MRM) performed at Keshav Hospital Nagpur.Breast Cancer the most common cancer amongst females have a predictable recurrence rate.ER/ PR is recommended to assess the postoperative relapse rate & the need for hormonal therapy.
MRM performed mainly on patients with diagnosed Infiltrating Duct carcinoma of breast. MRM is a surgical technique to remove the cancerous portion of breast. Patient may require Chemotherapy & radiation therapy post mastectomy.
There are several types of mastectomy, including:
Total (simple) mastectomy - the entire breast is removed, but muscles under the breast and lymph nodes are kept in place.Double mastectomy - both breasts are removed as a preventive measure; this is often used for high-risk patients who have specific genetic markers that make breast cancer more likely.Radical mastectomy - the entire breast, underarm lymph nodes, and chest wall muscles are removed.Modified radical mastectomy - the entire breast and underarm lymph nodes are removed, but the chest wall muscles are left intact.Skin-sparing mastectomy - the breast tissue and nipple are removed, but the skin is left to reconstruct the breast in the same operation.Nipple-sparing mastectomy - this relatively new procedure leaves the skin, nipple, and peripheral breast tissue intact.
Many patients opt for breast-conserving surgery, although this is not always possible. These procedures include:
Lumpectomy - a lumpectomy involves the removal of a tumor and surrounding tissue, and leaves the breasts largely intact; the procedure is typically used in conjunction with radiation therapy. Lumpectomies, however, are not suitable for all patients.Quadrantectomy - is a partial mastectomy that involves the removal of more breast tissue than a simpler lumpectomy, but which still spares the majority of the breast tissue.Skin-sparing mastectomies - these are newer mastectomy procedures that preserve breast skin, allowing for the reconstruction of a more natural looking breast. This may only be an option if there is no sign of cancer cells close to the skin.
Some women have reconstructive breast surgery as part of the same procedure as the mastectomy or major lumpectomy, while others wait and have the option to undergo a second operation at a later date.
- Posted on: 2018-05-01T05:42:27